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Monday, 7 September 2020

4 Science-Based Ways to Lose Weight

Weight management is a common concern that transcends age, race, and gender identity. In fact, search engines come up with millions of results for the question of how to lose weight. Its popularity has made this subject a target of countless marketing scams and pseudo-scientific advice. But, thanks to numerous studies done by scientists and doctors, there are evidence-based methods you can follow to start your weight loss journey.

Nutrition, physical activity, surgery, and medication (including hormone treatment) are all science-backed procedures you can utilize to lose weight. Bariatric surgery in Bowling Green, OH is one of these scientific strategies and is normally recommended to treat morbid obesity.

1. Nutrition

Anyone who has tried to lose weight would've come across programs that prescribe certain limitations on what you can or can't eat. They can range from limiting calories to only eating specific food groups like no-carb or ketogenic diets.


The Harvard School of Public Health bulletin presented that focusing on the quality of the food you consume matters more than its quantity. Simply put, the food pyramid (which was first published by Sweden in 1974) has been right all this time. As long as you eat a balanced meal of high-quality protein, vegetables, fruits, grain, and good fat, it'll be almost effortless to maintain your correct weight and increase your quality of health.  


2. Physical Activity

According to a 2013 study, exercise training, regardless of weight loss, provides countless health benefits. And, physical activity isn't limited to deliberate exercise sessions. Walking, climbing the stairs, and cleaning the house are simple ways you can burn calories. 


Physical movement, however small it is, uses up calories to make energy for the body. Weight loss takes effect when you burn up more calories than what you eat. Finding the balance between food consumption and the amount of energy you disperse lets you forego intricate workout plans.


For most people, the combination of proper diet and adequate physical activity is enough for weight management. On the other hand, medication and surgery can be explored for cases wherein there are underlying conditions (such as injuries and diabetes) preventing the typical response.


3. Medication

Doctors prescribe weight loss medication only when balanced nutrition and regular physical activity fail to produce the desired effects, and that the person's excessive weight already poses health risks. Orlistat, lorcaserin, phentermine-topiramate, naltrexone-bupropion, and liraglutide are all FDA-approved weight management drugs. Some of these drugs curb the appetite, while others act like laxatives.


There are also prescriptions for hormone correction, such as contraceptive pills for women who have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Those with PCOS often struggle with weight fluctuation due to hormonal imbalance, and diet and exercise alone can't make a difference. One important thing to always remember is that doctors consider prescription drugs for weight loss only when dietary changes and physical activities do not work out.


4. Surgery

Underlying health issues, such as diabetes, gastrointestinal ailments, and physical injuries, affect how someone can lose weight. Doctors may recommend surgery for cases where these illnesses hinder any progress. Patients with obesity class 2 and 3 can be eligible for the procedures. It is best if you ask your primary care provider for an assessment. 


Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric is a medical branch that deals with the treatment of weight issues, specifically, obesity. Bariatric surgery simply means surgical procedures to correct excessive body mass. The surgery options include:

  • Gastric Bypass - divides the stomach into two sections, an upper part called a pouch and a lower and bigger part called the remnant. 
  • Sleeve Gastrectomy - removes 75% of the stomach. The remaining 15% is attached to the small intestine resulting in a sleeve or tube-like organ structure. 
  • Lap Band - attaches an inflatable silicone ring or band around the top portion of the stomach.


Weight management isn't just a matter of body image. Although a survey in 2016 showed that Americans believed that losing weight was just a matter of willpower, researchers found out that a person's environment and genetics are the main reason for weight issues.


Weight loss or the lack thereof can affect your overall health. Your journey can be as simple as shifting into a better diet and a more active lifestyle. In case you need other options or if you have questions about Bariatric Surgery Bowling Green OH, schedule a consultation with a bariatric physician near you.

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